Stream Restoration Bibliography

and PDF Library

 

Prepared: November 15, 2007

 

Recent Publications (2006-2008)

 

Allmendinger, N. E., W. C. Hession, J. E. Pizzuto, N. Potter, Jr., and T. E. Johnson.  2005.  The influence of riparian vegetation on stream width, eastern Pennsylvania, USA.  Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 117(1-2):229-243.    

 

DeBarry, P. A. 2004.  Watersheds: Processes, Assessment, and ManagementJohn Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey.  700pp. + xvii.   

 

Dollar, E. S. 2004.  Progress Report: Fluvial geomorphology.  Progress in Physical Geography 28:405-450.   

 

Growns, I.  2004.  Monitoring environmental flow regimes: potential problems with management decision errors and their consequences.  Ecological Management and Restoration 5:216-217.   

   

References

 

Ackers, P., and W. R. White. 1973.  Sediment transport: new approach and analysis.  Journal of the Hydraulics Division, Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers 99(HY11):2041-2061.

 

Allmendinger, N. E., W. C. Hession, J. E. Pizzuto, N. Potter, Jr., and T. E. Johnson.  2005.  The influence of riparian vegetation on stream width, eastern Pennsylvania, USA.  Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 117(1-2):229-243.    

 

Andrews, E. D., and J. M. Nankervis.  1995.  Effective discharge and the design of channel maintenance flows for gravel-bed rivers, natural and anthropogenic influences in fluvial geomorphology.  American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph 89:151-164.

 

Armitage, P. D.  1994.  Prediction of biological responses.  Pages 254-275 in P. Callow and G.E. Petts, Eds.  The Rivers Handbook, Volume 2.  Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.   

 

Bain, M. B., J. T. Finn, and H. E. Brooke.  1985.  Quantifying stream substrate for habitat analysis studies.  North American Journal of Fish Management 5:499-500.   

 

Barbour, M. T. and J. B. Stribling.  1994.  A technique for assessing stream habitat structure.  Pp 156-178 in Riparian Ecosystems in the Humid U.S.: Function, Values, and Management.  Conference Proceedings, National Association of Conservation Districts, Washington, D.C. March 15-18, 1993, Atlanta , Georgia.   

 

Bathurst, J. C.  1981.  Bar resistance of gravel-bed streams.  ASCE J. Hydraulics Div. 106:1276-1278.   

 

Bettess, R.  1994.  Sediment transport and channel stability.  Pages 227-253 in The Rivers Handbook, Volume 2 (P. Callow and G.E. Petts, Eds.)  Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.   

 

Bisson, P. A., J. L. Nielson, R. A. Palmason, and L. E. Grove.  1982.  A system of naming habitat types in small streams, with examples of habitat utilization by salmonids during low stream flow.  Pages 62-73 in N. B. Armantrout (ed.), Acquisition and Utilization of Aquatic Habitat Inventory Information.  Symposium Proceedings, October 28- 30, 1981, Portland, OR.  The Hague Publishing, Billings, MT.   

 

Bohn, B. A., and J. L. Kershner.  2002.  Establishing aquatic restoration priorities using a watershed approach.  Journal of Environmental Management.  64:355-363   

 

Bond, N. R. and P. S. Lake.  2003.  Local habitat restoration in streams: constraints on the effectiveness of restoration for stream biota.  Ecological Management & Restoration  4:193-198.   

 

Brooks, S., M. Palmer, B. Cardinale, C. Swan, and S. Ribblett.  2002.  Assessing stream ecosystem rehabilitation: limitations of community structure data.  Restoration Ecology 10:156-168.   

 

Brown, B.L. 2003.  Spatial heterogeneity reduces temporal variability in stream insect communities.  Ecology Letters 6:316-325.   

 

Chien, N., and Z. Wan.  1999.  Mechanics of Sediment TransportASCE Press, Reston, Virginia.

 

Chow, V. T.  1959.  Open Channel HydraulicsMcGraw-Hill, New York680 pp.

 

Church, M. 2002.  Geomorphic thresholds in riverine landscapes.  Freshwater Biology  47:541-557.   

 

Clarke, S. J.  2002.  Vegetation growth in rivers: influences upon sediment and nutrient dynamics.  Progress in Physical Geography  26:159-172.   

 

Collins, B. D. and D. R. Montgomery.  2002.  Forest development, wood jams, and restoration of floodplain rivers in the Puget lowland, Washington.  Restoration Ecology 10:237-247.   

 

Colombini, M., M. Tubino, and P. Whiting.  1992.  Topographic expression of bars in meandering channels.  Pages 457-474 in Dynamics of Gravel-Bed Rivers.  John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

 

Cormier, S. M., S. Norton, and G. Suter II.  2003.  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s stressor identification guidance: a process for determining the probable causes of biological impairments.  9:1431-1443.   

 

Crockett, P.  1994.  Water-quality monitoring.  Pages 213-226 in The Rivers Handbook, Volume 2 (P. Callow and G.E. Petts, Eds.)  Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.   

 

Cummins, K. W. 1974.  Structure and function of stream ecosystems.  Bioscience 24:631-641.   

 

DeBarry, P. A. 2004. Watersheds: Processes, Assessment, and ManagementJohn Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey.  700pp. + xvii.   

 

Dietrich, W. E., J. W. Kirchner, H. Ikeda, and F. Iseya.  1989.  Sediment supply and the development of the coarse surface layer in gravel bed rivers.  Nature 340(20):215-217.   

 

Dingman, S. L.  1984.  Fluvial Hydrology.  W. H. Freeman, New York.  383pp. 

 

Dunne, T., and L. Leopold.  1978.  Water in Environmental PlanningW.H. Freeman, New York.

 

Dunne, T., and et al.  1998.  Stream Visual Assessment Protocol.  USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.  National Water and Climate Center Technical Note 99-1. 

 

Dollar, E. S.. 2000.  Progress Report: Fluvial geomorphology.  Progress in Physical Geography  24:385-406.   

 

Dollar, E. S.. 2002.  Progress Report: Fluvial geomorphology.  Progress in Physical Geography  26:123-143.    

 

Dollar, E. S.. 2004.  Progress Report: Fluvial geomorphology.  Progress in Physical Geography.  28:405-450   

 

Douglas, I.  2000.  Fluvial geomorphology and river management.  Australian Geographical Studies.  38:253-262   

 

FISRWG.  1998.  Stream corridor restoration: principles, processes, and practices.  Federal Interagency Stream Restoration Working Group (FIRSWG), GPO item 0120-A SuDocs No. A57.6/2: EN 3/PT.653.

 

Fonstad, M., and W. A. Marcus.  2003.  Self-organized criticality in riverbank systems.  Annals of the Association of American Geographers  93:281-296.   

 

Frissell, C. A., W. J. Liss, C. E. Warren, and M. D. Hurley.  1986.  A hierarchical framework for stream habitat classification: viewing streams in a watershed contest.  Environmental Management.  10(2):199-214. 

 

Glenn, E., D. Radtke, B. Shaw.  2001.  Restoration of riparian vegetation in the south-western United States: importance of flow regimes and fluvial dynamism.  Journal of Arid Environments  49:17-34. 

 

Gormann, O. T. and J. R. Karr.  1978.  Habitat structure and stream fish communities.  Ecology 59(3):507-515.   

 

Gosse, J. C., and W. T. Helm.  A method for measuring microhabitat components for lotic fishes and its application with regard to brown trout.  Pages 138-149 in N. B. Armantrout (ed.), Acquisition and Utilization of Aquatic Habitat Inventory Information.  Symposium Proceedings, October 28- 30, 1981, Portland, OR.  The Hague Publishing, Billings, MT.   

 

Gregory, S. V., F. J. Swanson, W. A. McKee, and K. W. Cummins.  1991.  An ecosystem perspective of riparian zones.  Bioscience.  41(8):540-551.   

 

Growns, I.  2004.  Monitoring environmental flow regimes: Potential problems with management decision errors and their consequences.  Ecological Management and Resoration 5:216-217.   

 

Gupta, S.  1989.  Hydrology and Hydraulic Systems.  Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

 

Gurnell, A. M., H. Piegay, F. J. Swanson, and S. V. Gregorys.  2002.  Large wood and fluvial processes.  Freshwater Biology 47:601-619.   

 

Ha, S. and M. Bae.  2001.  Effects of land use and municipal wastewater treatment changes on stream water quality.  Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 70:135-151.   

 

Hankin, D. G. and G. H. Reeves.  1988.  Estimating total fish abundance and total habitat area in small streams based on visual estimation methods.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45:834-844.   

 

Harmon, M. E., J. F. Franklin, F. J. Swanson, P. Sollins, S. V. Gregory, et al.  1986.  Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems.  Advances in Ecological Research 15:133-302.   

 

Harrelson, C., C. L. Rawlins, and J. P. Potyondy.  1994.  Stream channel reference sites:  an illustrated guide to field technique.  USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, General Technical Report RM-245.

 

Hawkins, C. P., M. L., Murphy, and N. J. Anderson.  1983.  Density of fish and salamanders I relation to riparian canopy and physical habitat in streams of the northwestern United States.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 40 (8):1173-1186.   

 

Hession, W. C., T. E. Johnson, D. F. Charles, D. D. Hart, R. J. Horwitz, D. A. Kreeger, J. E. Pizzuto, D. J. Velinsky, J. D. Newbold, C. Cianfrani, T. Clason, A. M. Compton, N. Coulter, L. Fuselier, B. D. Marshall, and J. Reed.  2000.  Ecological benefits of riparian reforestation in urban watersheds: study design and preliminary results.  Environmental Monitoring and assessment.  63:211-222    

 

Hogle, J. S., T. A. Wesche, and W. A. Hubert.  1993.  A test if the precision of the habitat quality index model II.  North American Journal of Fisheries Management 13:640-643.   

 

Hyatt, T. L., T. Waldo, T. Beechie.  2004.  A watershed scale assessment of riparian forests, with implications for restoration.  Restoration Ecology 12:175-183.   

 

Johnson, P. A., and E. R. Brown.  2001.  Incorporating uncertainty in the design of stream channel modifications.  Journal of the American Water Resources Association 37(5):1225-1236.   

 

Jorgensen, E.; T. Canfield; Kutz, F.  2000.  Restored riparian buffers as tools for ecosystem restoration in the maia; processes, endpoints, and measures, of success for water, soil, flora, and fauna.  Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 63:199-210.   

 

Jowett, I.G.  1997.  Instream flow methods: a comparison of approaches.  Regulated Rivers: Research & Management  13:115-127.   

 

Kale, V. S.  2002.  Fluvial geomorphology of Indian rivers: an overview.  Progress in Physical Geography  26:400-433.   

 

Karr, J.R. 1991.  Biological integrity: a long-neglected aspect of water resource management.  Ecological Applications.  1:66-84.   

 

Kaufmann, P. R., P. Levine, E. G. Robison, C. Seeliger, and D. V. Peck.  1999. Quantifying physical habitat in wadeable streams.  EPA/620/R=99/003.  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.   

 

Kellerhalls, R., and D. I. Bray.  1971.  Sampling procedures for coarse fluvial sediments.  ASCE Journal of the Hydraulics Division 97(HY8):1165-1179.

 

Kondolf, G. M.  1995.  Five elements for effective evaluation of stream restoration.  Restoration Ecology 3(2):133-136   

 

Kondolf, G. M.  1996.  A cross section of stream channel restoration.  Restoration Ecology 3(2):133-136   

 

Kondolf, G. M., and E. R. Micheli.  1995.  Evaluating stream restoration projects.  Environmental Management 19(1):1-15.   

 

Korsu, K.  2004.  Response of benthic invertebrates to disturbance from stream restoration:

        the importance of bryophytes.  Hydrobiologia 523:37-45.   

 

Large, A. R. G.  1994.  Rehabilitation of river margins.  Pages 401-418 in The Rivers Handbook, Volume 2 (P. Callow and G.E. Petts, Eds.)  Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.   

 

LeFevre, S. R. and W. E. Sharpe.  2002.  Acid stream water remediation using limestone sand on Bear Run in Southwestern Pennsylvania.  Restoration Ecology 10:223-236.   

 

Leopold, L. B., M. G. Molman, and J. P. Miller.  1964.  Fluvial Processes in Geomorphology.  W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, CA.

 

Leopold, L. B., M. G. Molman, and J. P. Miller.  1992.  Sediment size that determines channel morphology.  Pages 297-311 in Dynamics of Gravel-Bed Rivers.  John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 297-311.

 

Leopold, L. B., and M.G. Wolman.  1960.  River meanders.  Geological Society of America, Bulletin 71:769-794.   

 

Likens, G. E., D. C. Buso, C. Donald, B. Dresser.  2004.  Buffering an acidic stream in New Hampshire with a silicate mineral.  Restoration Ecology 12:419-428.   

 

Lisle, T. E.  1982.  Effects of aggredation and degradation on riffle-pool morphology in natural gravel channels, northwestern California.  Water Resources Research 18(6):1641-1651. 

 

Lisle, T. E. and S. Hilton.  1992.  The volume of fine sediment in pools: an index of sediment supply in gravel-bed streams.  Water Res. Bull. 28 (2):371-383. 

 

Mackin, J. H.  1948.  Concept of the graded river.  Geological Society of American Bulletin. 

 

Makaske, B., D. Smith, and H. Berendsen. 2002.  Avulsions, channel evolution and floodplain sedimentation rates of the anastomosing upper Columbia river, British Columbia, Canada. Sedimentology  49:  1049-1071.   

 

Maul, J.D., J.L. Farris, C.D. Milam.  2004.  The influence of stream habitat and water quality in macroinvertebrate communities in degraded streams of northwest MississippiHydrobiologia  518:79-94. 

 

McKenzie, D. H., D. E. Hyatt, and V. J. McDonald, Eds.  1990.  Ecological Indicators.  Volumes I & II.  1567pp. + appendices + xxv.   

 

Melo, A.S. and C. Froelich.  2001.  Evaluation of methods for estimating macroinvertebrate species richness using individual stones in tropical streams.  Freshwater Biology.  46:711-721.   

 

Michener, W. K.  1997.  Quantitatively evaluating restoration experiments: Research design, statistical analysis, and data management considerations.  Restoration Ecology  5:324-337.   

 

Miller, J. R., and J. B. Ritter.  1996.  An examination of the Rosgen classification of natural rivers.  Catena 27:295-299.   

 

Middleton, J. V.  2001.  The stream doctor project: community-driven stream restoration.  BioScience. 51:293-296   

 

Moerke, A. H. and G. A. Lamberti.  2004.  Restoring stream ecosystems: lessons from a Midwestern state.  Restoration Ecology.  12:327-334   

 

Morrisawa, M.  1968.  Streams: Their Dynamics and Morphology.  McGraw-Hill, New York.  175pp. 

 

Muotka, T. and P. Laasonen.  2002.  Ecosystem recovery in restored headwater streams: the role of enhanced leaf retention.  Journal of Applied Ecology  39:145-156.   

 

Murck, B. W., and B.  J. Skinner. 1998.  Geology Today.  John Wiley & Sons, New York.

 

Naiman, R. J., H. Decamps, J. Pastor, and C. A. Johnston.  1988.  The potential importance of boundaries to fluvial ecosystems.  Journal of North American Benthological Society 7(4):289-306.   

 

Newbury, R.  1995.  Rivers and the art of stream restoration, natural and anthropogenic influences in fluvial geomorphology.  American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph 89:137-149   

 

Newson, M. D. and C. L. Newson.  2000.  Geomorphology, ecology and river channel habitat: mesoscale approaches to basin-scale challenges.  Progress in Physical Geography  24:195-217.   

 

O’Neil, M. P. and A. D. Abrahams.  1984.  Objective identification of pools and riffles.  Water Resources Research 20(7):921-926.  FOL

 

Overton, C. K., S. P. Wollrab, B. C. Roberts, and M. A. Radko.  1997.  R1/R4 (Northern/Intermountain Regions) Fish and Fish Habitat Standard Inventory Procedures Handbook.  Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-346.  Ogden, UT: USDA Forest Service Intermountain Research Station.  73 pp. 

 

Opperman, J; A. Merenlender.  2000.  Deer Herbivory as an Ecological Constraint to Restoration of Degraded Riparian Corridors.  Restoration Ecology 8:41-47.   

 

Palmer, M. A., et al.  2005.  Standards for ecologically successful river restoration.  Journal of Applied Ecology 42:208-217.   

 

Pizzuto, J. E., W. C. Hession, and M. McBride.  2000.  Comparing gravel-bed rivers in paired urban and rural catchments of southeastern Pennsylvania.  Geology 28(1):79-82.   

 

Plafkin, J. L., M. T. Barbour, K. D. Porter, S. K. Gross, R. M. Hughes.  1989.  Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Rivers: Benthic Macroinvertebrates and Fish.  EPA?440?4-89?001.  U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Assessment and Watershed Protection Division, Washington DC

 

Platts, W. S., W. F. Megahan, and G. W. Minshall.  1983.  Methods for evaluating stream, riparian and biotic conditions.  Gen. Tech. Rep.  INT-138.  U. S. Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experimental Station, Ogden, UT. 70pp. 

 

Poole, G. C., C. A. Frissell, and S. C. Ralph.  1997.  In-stream habitat unit classification: inadequacies for monitoring and some consequences for management.  Journal of the American Water Resources. Association 33(4):879-896.   

 

Purcell A. H., C. Friedrich, and V. H. Resh.  2002.  An assessment of a small urban stream restoration project in Northern California.  Restoration Ecology  10:685-694.   

 

Rabeni, C.F., and S.P. Sowa.  1996.  Integrating biological realism into habitat restoration and conservation strategies for small streams.  Canadian J Fisheries & Aquatic Sci.  53:252-259.   

 

Rados, T., S. Sottung, D. Descaro, and D. Altland.  2002.  Changing channels.  Civil Engineering 72(7):72-77.   

 

Robison, E. G. and P. R. Kaufman.  1994.  Evaluating two objective techniques to define pools in small streams.  Pages 659-668 in R. A. Marston and V. A. Hasfurthur (eds.).  Effects of Human Induced Changes on Hydrologic Systems.  Summer Symposium Proceedings, American Water Resources Association, June 26-29, 1994, Jackson Hole, Wyoming1182 pp.    

 

Robison, E. G. and R. L. Beschta.  1989.  Estimating stream cross-sectional area from wetted width and thalweg depth.  Physical Geography 10(2):190-198.   

 

Roper, B. R. and D. L. Scarnecchia.  1995.  Observer variability in classifying habitat types in stream surveys.  North American Journal of Fisheries Management 15(2):49-53.   

 

Rosgen, D. L. 1985.  A stream classification system.  Pp 91-95 in: R.R. Johnson, C. D. Zeibell, D. R. Patton, et al. (eds.).  Riparian ecosystems and Their Management: Reconciling Conflicting Uses.  USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-120.  Fort Collins, CO.

 

Rosgen, D.  1994.  A Classification of Natural Rivers.  Catena (Elsevier) 22:169-199.

 

Rosgen, D.  1996.  Applied River MorphologySecond Edition.  Wildland Hydrology, Fort Collins, Colorado.   

 

Rosgen, D.  1998.  The reference reach – a blueprint for natural channel design.  ASCE, Denver, Colorado.

 

Schneider, E.  1992.  Monitoring for ecological integrity: the state of the art.  Pages 1403-1419 in Ecological Indicators, Volume 2  (D.H. McKenzie, D.E. Hyatt and V.J. McDonald, Eds.).  Elsevier Applied Science, New York.   

 

Simons, R. K., G. E. Canali, G. T. Anderson-Newton, and G. K. Cotton.  2000.  Sediment transport modeling: calibration, verification, and evaluation  Soil and Sediment contamination.  9:261-289.   

 

Simonson, T. D., J. Lyons, and P. D. Kanehl.  1994.  Quantifying fish habitat in streams: transect spacing, sample size, and a proposed framework.  North American Journal of Fisheries Management 14:607-615.   

 

Smith, B., D. M. Hannah, and A. M. Gurnell.  2001.  A hydrogeomorphological context for ecolocial research on alpine glacial rivers.  Freshwater Biology  46:1579-1596.   

 

Stalnaker, C. B.  1994.  Evolution of instream flow habitat modelling.  Pages 276-286 in The Rivers Handbook, Volume 2 (P. Callow and G.E. Petts, Eds.)  Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.   

 

Stauffer,J. C. and R. M. Goldstein.  1997.  Comparison of three qualitative habitat indices and their applicability to Prairie streams.  North American Journal of Fisheries Management 17:348-361.   

 

Stromberg, J.; 2001.  Restoration of riparian vegetation in the south-western United States: importance of flow regimes and fluvial dynamism.  Journal of Arid Environments 49:17-34.   

 

Sweeny, B.W., S. Czapka, T. Yerkes.  2002.  Riparian forest restoration: increasing success by reducing plant competition and herbivory.  Restoration Ecology  10:392-400.   

 

Thomson, J. R., D. M. Winter, D. D. Hart, D. F. Charles, and T. L. Nightengale.  2005.  Effects of removal of a small dam on downstream macroinvertebrate and algal assemblages in a Pennsylvania stream.  Journal of the North American Benthological Society 24(1)192-207.   

 

Thorne, C. R., R. Hey, and M. Newson. 1997.  Applied fluvial geomorphology for river engineering and management.  John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England.

 

Underwood, A. J.  1991.  Beyond BACI: Experimental designs or detecting human environmental impacts on temporal variation of populations.  Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research  42:569-588.

 

Underwood, A. J.  1994.  Spatial and temporal problems with monitoring.  Pages 101-123 in The Rivers Handbook, Volume 2 (P. Callow and G.E. Petts, Eds.)  Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.   

 

Urban, M.  2002.  Conceptualizing anthropogenic change in fluvial systems: drainage development on the upper Embarrass River, Illinois.  The Professional Geographer  54:204-217.   

 

Wade, P. M.  1994.  Management of macrophytic vegetation.  Pages 363-385 in The Rivers Handbook, Volume 2 (P. Callow and G.E. Petts, Eds.)  Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.   

 

Ward, J. V., and K. Tockner.  2001.  Biodiversity: towards a unifying theme for river ecology.  Freshwater Biology 46:807-819.   

 

Wang, L., T. D. Simonson, and J. Lyons.  1996.  Accuracy and precision of selected stream habitat estimates.  North American Journal of Fisheries Management 16:340-347.   

 

White, P.S. and J.L. Walker.  1997.  Approximating nature’s variation: selecting and using reference information in restoration ecology.  Restoration Ecology 5:338-349.   

 

White, K. E.  2001.  Regional curve development and selection of a reference reach in the non-urban, lowland section of the Piedmont Physiographic Province, Pennsylvania and Maryland.  USGS Water-resources Investigations Report 01-4146, New Cumberland, PA.

 

Williams, G. P.  1986.  River meanders and channel size.  Journal of Hydrology (Elsevier) 88:147-164.

 

Wolman, M. G.  1954.  A method of sampling coarse river-bed material.  Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 35(6):951-956.   

 

 

Evaluating Stream Restoration Projects

 

Johnson, P. A., and E. R. Brown.  2001.  Incorporating uncertainty in the design of stream channel modifications.  Journal of the American Water Resources Association 37(5):1225-1236.   

 

Kondolf, G. M.  1995.  Five elements for effective evaluation of stream restoration.  Restoration Ecology 3(2):133-136   

 

Kondolf, G. M.  1996.  A cross section of stream channel restoration.  Restoration Ecology 3(2):133-136   

 

Kondolf, G. M., and E. R. Micheli.  1995.  Evaluating stream restoration projects.  Environmental Management 19(1):1-15.   

 

Pizzuto, J. E., W. C. Hession, and M. McBride.  2000.  Comparing gravel-bed rivers in paired urban and rural catchments of southeastern Pennsylvania.  Geology 28(1):79-82.   

 

Poole, G. C., C. A. Frissell, and S. C. Ralph.  1997.  In-stream habitat unit classification: inadequacies for monitoring and some consequences for management.  Journal of the American Water Resources. Association 33(4):879-896.   

 

Pennsylvania-Related References

 

Allmendinger, N. E., W. C. Hession, J. E. Pizzuto, N. Potter, Jr., and T. E. Johnson.  2005.  The influence of riparian vegetation on stream width, eastern Pennsylvania, USA.  Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 117(1-2):229-243.    

 

Johnson, P. A., and E. R. Brown.  2001.  Incorporating uncertainty in the design of stream channel modifications.  Journal of the American Water Resources Association 37(5):1225-1236.   

 

LeFevre, S. R. and W. E. Sharpe.  2002.  Acid stream water remediation using limestone sand on Bear Run in Southwestern Pennsylvania.  Restoration Ecology 10:223-236.   

 

Pizzuto, J. E., W. C. Hession, and M. McBride.  2000.  Comparing gravel-bed rivers in paired urban and rural catchments of southeastern Pennsylvania.  Geology 28(1):79-82.   

 

Rados, T., S. Sottung, D. Descaro, and D. Altland.  2002.  Changing channels.  Civil Engineering 72(7):72-77.   

 

Thomson, J. R., D. M. Winter, D. D. Hart, D. F. Charles, and T. L. Nightengale.  2005.  Effects of removal of a small dam on downstream macroinvertebrate and algal assemblages in a Pennsylvania stream.  Journal of the North American Benthological Society 24(1)192-207.